By KEN THOMAS
LAS VEGAS (AP) - The choice facing labor unions in the Democratic presidential race boils down to hearts or heads - Bernie Sanders, who embraces their forceful opposition to a big trade deal, or Hillary Rodham Clinton, who is a strong favorite for the nomination.
Clinton has campaigned as a fighter for middle-class families and carries with her establishment support and ties to labor leaders going back to her husband's White House years. But her unwillingness to take a position on the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a proposed trade pact vehemently opposed by labor, has made some union leaders and workers wary.
Sanders, meanwhile, has made his opposition to the trade deal and a message of economic inequality central to his upstart campaign. At large rallies across the country, the Vermont senator has championed a $15-an-hour minimum wage and a single-payer health care system, putting him in line with many unions' aspirations.
"I would say to the AFL-CIO, 'Take a hard look at my record. Take a hard look at Secretary Clinton's record,'" Sanders told reporters after meeting leaders of the Nevada AFL-CIO this week, rejecting a "mythology going around" that the democratic socialist can't win the nomination.
Clinton, Sanders and former Maryland Gov. Martin O'Malley have been auditioning before labor unions this summer, seeking their stamp of approval and an army of volunteers that can fuel campaigns. Clinton and Sanders met with the Nevada AFL-CIO at the Luxor Hotel and Casino on Tuesday; O'Malley was addressing the group on Wednesday.
Clinton, who also toured a Las Vegas training center run by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters union, released a new ad on Wednesday in Iowa and New Hampshire with a pro-labor message. In the ad, she says, "When you see that you've got CEOs making 300 times what the average worker's making, you know the deck is stacked in favor of those at the top."
For labor, Sanders' rise in the polls and Clinton's trade agenda have made its calculations more difficult. Unions that endorse Clinton this year might gain more clout if the former secretary of state wins the White House. But some union leaders may risk a backlash from rank-and-file members who have been drawn to Sanders' blunt, anti-establishment message.
"Business as usual has not worked," said Larry Cohen, former president of the Communications Workers of America who is now helping Sanders' campaign. "It has not worked in the last six years. It didn't work in the Clinton years."
Yet helping Sanders may have limited benefits if he fails to gain traction against Clinton in early states. And some unions could extract more leverage over the Democratic field by waiting.
Many of the biggest unions have yet to endorse, including the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, which is led by Lee Saunders, an ally of Clinton when she represented New York in the Senate, and the nation's largest union, the National Education Association, which sat out the 2008 primaries but wants to have more influence this time.
The Service Employees International Union, which offered critical support to Barack Obama in 2008, has been involved in a number of progressive causes and could serve as a bellwether for labor during the campaign. Clinton has held events with SEIU officials in recent months.
"If some of the bigger unions - AFSCME, NEA, SEIU - were in the fall to support Clinton, that would be a setback for Sanders," said Steve Rosenthal, a former political director for the AFL-CIO.
Sanders was endorsed by the 185,000-member National Nurses United, which has opposed the trade deal, and he's courted support from unions representing postal workers and transit workers.
The AFL-CIO, an umbrella organization of the largest labor unions, interviewed all of the Democratic candidates last month in Silver Spring, Maryland, but has not reached a consensus among its members. The AFL-CIO has traditionally avoided early endorsements - it last got involved in a primary in 2000 when it backed then-Vice President Al Gore.
Clinton won her first major labor endorsement of the presidential campaign last month, from the 1.6 million-member American Federation of Teachers. Last week she secured the backing of the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, which represents nearly 600,000 workers.
But the trade pact isn't helping Clinton's pitch to labor. She has declined to take a firm position on the deal. She's pointed to her work as secretary of state to lay the groundwork for the agreement and cited the need for it to protect U.S. jobs and national security.
Clinton's labor supporters argue the trade agreement won't be the sole determining factor when it comes time for unions to make their decision.
"It's bigger than just one issue," said Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers.
Associated Press writer Kimberly Pierceall contributed to this report.
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