NEW YORK - The Dow Jones Industrials fell through the 9,000 level Thursday and continued racing down in the last hour of trading. It was the seventh consecutive session markets closed down.
Trading remained volatile, with the major indexes like the Dow Jones industrial average and the Standard & Poor's 500 index bobbing up and down. The Nasdaq composite index, with a bevy of tech stocks, showed more lasting gains because of advances by companies like Intel Corp. and Microsoft Corp.
But worries about General Motors Corp. capped the periodic advances by the Dow and the S&P as investors grew concerned that weakness in U.S. vehicle sales may emerge elsewhere in the world. GM, one of the 30 stocks that make up the Dow industrials, fell $1.14, or 17 percent, to $5.77. The stock fell earlier by as much as 21.7 percent to $5.41, its lowest level since December 1950.
While the number of declining stocks outpaced advancers by about 2 to 1 on the New York Stock Exchange, the selling appeared far more orderly than earlier in the week and last week when panic about tight lending conditions and the economy gripped trading.
The sluggishness in the credit markets that triggered much of the heavy selling in markets around the world since mid-September appeared little changed Thursday following days of efforts by the Federal Reserve and other central banks to resuscitate lending.
A key benchmark for bank-to-bank loans, The London Interbank Offered Rate, or Libor, for three-month dollar loans rose to 4.75 percent from 4.52 percent on Wednesday. That signals that banks remain hesitant to make loans for fear they won't be paid back.
The Fed and other leading central banks this week have lowered key interest rates to help unclog the credit markets and stimulate the global economy. While a rate cut can take up to a year to work its way through the economy, the move was aimed as a boost to investor sentiment.
"Until we kind of stabilize I think you're going to see these gyrations for quite some time," said Stephen Carl, principal and head of equity trading at The Williams Capital Group. "We're stuck in a morass and I think it's going to take quite some time to come out of it."
Unofficial closing figures showed the Dow fell 678.91, or 7.33 percent, to 8,579.19.
Broader stock indicators were lower. The Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 75.02, or 7.62 percent, to 909.92, and the Nasdaq composite index fell 95.21, or 5.47 percent, to 1,645.12.
Traders are looking for some slowdown in the selling and perhaps even a rally after the losses logged in the past six sessions. The Dow is down 1,593 points, or 15 percent, in that time, its worst losing streak since August 2007 when it shed 812 points, or 6 percent.
Thursday marks one year since the Dow and the S&P 500 closed at their highs. At the start of Thursday's trading, the Dow was down 4,940 points, or 34.8 percent, since closing at 14,198. The S&P 500, meanwhile, is off 580 points, or 37 percent, since recording its high of 1,565.15.
While credit markets appeared tight, demand for short-term Treasurys appeared to wane Thursday. The yield on the three-month Treasury bill, which moves opposite its price, rose to 0.69 percent from 0.63 percent late Wednesday. Longer-term debt prices also fell, with the yield on the 10-year note rising to 3.78 percent from 3.65 percent late Wednesday.
Investors across markets were mulling a plan being considered by the Bush administration to invest in hobbled U.S. banks as a way to stabilize the financial sector. An administration official, who asked not to be identified because no decision has been made, said the $700 billion rescue package passed by Congress last week allows the Treasury Department to inject fresh capital into financial institutions and obtain ownership shares in return.
Britain rolled out a similar plan, though no U.K. bank has received any investments. In Iceland, the government now has control of the country's three major banks as it struggles to contain the troubles there.
Investors also digested a government report that applications for unemployment benefits dropped last week from a seven-year high. The Labor Department's report matched projections, though claims still remain at elevated levels.
Wall Street is also looking for any effects of short selling now that a three-week ban imposed by regulators has expired. Short selling is a technique in which investors borrow shares in a company from a broker and sell them, hoping to buy them back later at a lower price. Essentially, it's a bet that a stock's price will fall. Short sellers can lose money if they have to repurchase the stock after it has risen.
Some analysts believe the unprecedented ban on short selling - an effort to bolster investor confidence amid the worst financial crisis since the stock market crash of 1929 - did more harm than good at a time of historic market volatility. They contend that short sellers help the market rally by covering their bets and creating demand for stocks.
IBM Corp. rose $1.37, or 1.5 percent, to $91.92 after posting third-quarter results that topped forecasts and the technology company posted affirmed its full-year earnings outlook. That helped stir overall demand for technology stocks.
Intel rose 71 cents, or 4.4 percent, to $16.96, while Microsoft rose 77 cents, or 3.4 percent, to $23.78.
Energy names fell as oil prices declined. Exxon Mobil Corp. fell $3.10, or 4 percent, to $73.90, while Chevron Corp. fell $3.71, or 5.1 percent, to $69.39.
Light, sweet crude fell $1.97 to $86.98 per barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange as investors worried that a slowing economy might damp demand. Comments from OPEC nations about an emergency meeting to address the decline helped pare some of oil's slide.
Financial companies such as Morgan Stanley fell $2.16, or 13 percent, to $14.64, while Wells Fargo Corp. declined $3.27, or 10 percent, to $28.63.
Health insurer WellPoint Inc. fell $2.29, or 5.7 percent, to $38.15, and drug maker Eli Lilly & Co. fell $1.99, or 5.3 percent, to $35.91.
Volume on the NYSE came to 718.1 million shares.
The Russell 2000 index of smaller companies fell 10.80, or 1.98 percent, to 535.77.
In Asia, Japan's Nikkei 225 closed down 0.50 percent while the Hang Seng added 3.31 percent. In Europe, Britain's FTSE-100 fell 1.21 percent, Germany's DAX fell 2.53 percent, and France's CAC-40 declined 1.55 percent.
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